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Mammoth Education


Education is one of the primary goals of the Waco Mammoth Site.

The site is a great place for students to discover the worlds of geology, paleontology and archeology.

We welcome field trips and school tours (Tues. - Fri.), and we offer a variety of educational programs for all ages. 



Please book at least 2 weeks in advance by calling our Education Coordinator at (254) 750-7946.

Groups of 19 or fewer students:

Basic 1 hour tour and program (tour appropriate for all ages): $5.00 per child

At least one adult required with group of 19 or fewer: (Adult admission: $7.00 ea)

Groups of 20 or more students receive discounted admission:

Basic 1 hour tour and program (tour appropriate for all ages): $4.00 per student

At least one adult required per 20 kids (Adult admission: $6.00 ea with group)

Add activities to compliment your group tour:

Add 1 hour "Mighty Molars" (best for pre-K through 2nd grade): +$2.50 per student

Add 20 minute "Mobile Dig" (best for 1st through 4th grade): +$1.00 per student

Add 1 hour "Fossil Fun" (best for 3rd grade and up): +$2.50 per student

Add 1 to 2 hour "Excavation Station" (for all ages): +$10.00 per student


Facts About Columbian Mammoths

  • Columbian Mammoths (Mammuthus columbi) lived during the Pleistocene Epoch (2.5 million years to 10,000 years ago).

  • The Columbian mammoth was one of the largest mammals to have lived during the Pleistocene Epoch. Other animals that lived during this time included giant ground sloths, short-faced bears and giant beavers.

  • The Columbian mammoth is a relative of the Woolly mammoth, but Woolly mammoths stayed farther north in much colder regions.

  • Columbian mammoths grew to more than 14 feet in height and weighed up to 10 tons (20,000 lbs). They stood 2 to 4 feet taller and weighed up to 8,000 pounds more than Woolly mammoths.

  • A mammoth’s tooth could be as large as a four-pound shoe box. Mammoths had six sets of teeth during their lifetime, which could span up to 75 years.

  • The mammoth’s tusks were modified incisor teeth. The tusks grew as long as 16 feet and weighed up to 200 pounds each.

  • Mammoths spent up to 20 hours a day eating 300 to 700 pounds of grass and large fruits. As a result, mammoths produced around 400 pounds of dung a day.

  • Columbian mammoths walked on their tiptoes. An internal, sponge-like pad behind the bones of their feet cushioned their immense weight.

For Teachers


The Waco Mammoth Site has designed these free activities especially for educators. These resources are aligned with Texas educational standards and combine multiple subject areas. Choose from worksheets, craft projects, and complete lesson plans to bring the Ice Age to your classroom. This page updates frequently!


Primary School Resources

Make-a-Fossil (interdisciplinary lesson plan)

Mammoth Trumpet (fun craft activity)
Ice Age Shadow Match (shape-matching worksheet)
Waco Mammoth at Lover's Leap (color-by-numbers activity)
Paleo Pronouns (grammar practice worksheet)
Alphabetizing Big Critters (alphabetization practice worksheet)
Ice Age Fractions (introduction to fractions worksheet)
Ice Age Syllables (syllable practice activity)
Mammoth Word Search (fun activity) 


Elementary School Resources

Make-a-Fossil (interdisciplinary lesson plan)
Ice Age Elections Lesson Plan (enrichment activity for pull-out classes)

What is a Mammoth? (Grade 2-3 reading comprehension and coloring activity)
Columbian Mammoths: Giants of the Ice Age (Grade 4-5 reading comprehension activity)
Mammoth Fun (fun worksheet activity)
Mammoth Crossword (fun activity, best used after visit)
Large Mammoth Word Search (full page, fun activity)
Decoding Names (root-word activity)
Pleistocene Food Scene (food chain worksheet)
Measuring Mammoths (perimeter and area worksheet)
Mammoths and Mastodons (introduction to Venn diagrams)
Ice Age Texas (Texas geography worksheet)
The Traveling Mammoth (angle measuring worksheet)


Middle School Resources

Taphonomy Lab Lesson Plan (comprehensive, four-week STEM experiment)

Mammoths and Mastodons (introduction to Venn diagrams)
Charting Chompers (Venn diagram exercise)
Decoding Names (root-word activity)
Meals for Mammoths (introduction to factor label equations)

High School Resources

Taphonomy Lab Lesson Plan (comprehensive, four-week STEM experiment)

Charting Chompers (Venn diagram exercise)
Meals for Mammoths (introduction to factor label equations)

Education Standards Alignment for School Programs

TEKS standards for Basic School Tour
TEKS standards for Mighty Molars add-on program
TEKS standards for Mobile Dig add-on program
TEKS standards for Fossil Fun add-on program
TEKS standards for Excavation Station program


Other Classroom Resources

Discovery Boxes from Baylor University's Mayborn Museum
Mammoth-in-a-Trunk kits from The Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, South Dakota
Paleontology Activities from Bryce Canyon National Park
Natural History Activities from Texas Parks and Wildlife




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